Scientific name: Allium cepa
Common name: Onion
Provisional name of the variety: Onion BOT DE VULPE
Buzău vegetable basin, as a result of studies conducted by paleoethnobotany, is esteemed by archaeologists as the oldest vegetable basin in the country. Moreover, it is here that the first varieties of onions were cultivated through direct sowing, from which numerous cultivars have been obtained over time, cultivated directly from seeds. The modern varieties were derived from local endemic populations. Among these, we find the oldest local population of onions that are cultivated directly from seeds, popularly known as “bot de vulpe” (fox snout), which served as a turning point for obtaining modern commercial creations. However, over time, the basic genetic resource was neglected in cultivation, and genetic erosion became a significant threat, putting it at risk of extinction. Researchers at BRGV Buzau, recognizing the danger, collected local genetic resources and undertook the work of improvement (genetic archaeology) with the aim of restoring the identity and stability of the basic genetic resource. The result is a newly restored variety proposed for approval with the traditional name “Bot de vulpe.” The variety is propagated directly from seeds, with special attention given to establishing the crop.
For successful cultivation, the soil must be well-prepared in autumn, and sowing should be done in the winter windows or early spring, no later than April 15th. Additionally, the crop can also be established through seedlings, with planting taking place in May. The variety exhibits distinct phenotypic characteristics, with the bulb consisting of 8 succulent, tender, sweet, and slightly spicy leaves. The exterior of the bulb is covered with 5-6 golden parchment-like tunics.